Geography

Geographicsl Location

2.1 Location

The Municipality of Liloy is located along the national highway at approximately one hundred eighty-four (184) kilometers from the City of Zamboanga and about one hundred thirty-two (132) kilometers south of Dipolog City.  It lies on the northwestern side of the Zamboanga Peninsula at latitude 8 degrees 06 minutes North, and longitude 122 degrees 38 minutes East.

It is bounded on the North, by the Sulu Sea; on the South, by the Municipality of Tampilisan; on the East, by the Municipality of Salug; and on the West, by the Municipality of Labason.

2.2 Land Area

Originally, Liloy upon its creation has a total land area of 47,661 hectares.  However, after the separation and creation of the Municipalities of Salug and Tampilisan out of Liloy, only about 12,843 hectares was left for the municipality.  It was unevenly distributed among the 37 barangays.

Land Area By 37 Barangay

NAME OF BARANGAY

LAND AREA (ha.)

Banigan

331.92

Baybay

336.23

Cabangcalan

327.47

Canaan

170.90

Candelaria

388.64

Causwagan

403.56

Communal

327.13

Compra

560.48

De la Paz

11798

El Paraiso

640.46

Fatima

397.81

Ganase

165.31

Goaw

420.16

Goin

458.73

Kayok

463.20

La Libertad

281.42

Lamao

220.21

Mabuhay

491.76

Maigang

229.22

Malila

295.29

Mauswagon

266.15

New Bethlehem

161.43

Overview

802.66

Panabang

445.77

Patawag

299.28

Punta

363.32

San Francisco

455.29

San Isidro

606.62

San Miguel

264.26

San Roque

195.78

Silucap

458.30

Sta. Cruz

204.10

Sto .Niño

261.06

Tapican

450.89

Timan

188.88

Villa C. Sudiacal

76.41

Villa M. Tejero

416.02

TOTGAL

12.843 Has.

2.3 Topography

Liloy is one of the southern municipalities of the province of Zamboanga del Norte. It is classified as generally rolling with plateaus and a few narrow lowland plains near the shores.  It has a terrain ranging from relatively flat to gently undulating and moderately rolling to mountainous.

Being a coastal municipality, it has approximately sixteen (16) kilometers of shoreline, stretching from the boundary of Labason to the boundary of Salug.  The shallow waters along these shorelines abound with bangus and prawn fries.

Likewise, the municipality is traversed by creeks and being bounded by two big rivers, namely: the Mucas River on the East and Patawag River on the West.  The presence of these rivers and creeks not only favor the farmers for the cultivation of their crops, but also serve as natural drainage of the municipality.

2.4 Slope

One of the factors to be considered in determining the suitability of lands for urban development as well as its capability for cultivation is the slope of the land.  The different slope categories used as basis for settlement planning are the following:

Slope Category

TYPE

SLOPE RANGE (%)

CHARACTERISTICS

A

0 – 2.5

Level to near level

B

2.5 – 5.0

Very gently sloping or undulating

C

5.0 – 10.0

Gently sloping or undulating

D

10.0 – 18.0

Moderately sloping or rolling

E

18.0 – 25.0

Strongly sloping or strongly rolling

F

Over 25.0

Strongly hilly to mountainous

Levels to moderately sloping areas having good soil are favorable for cultivation and urban development.

Strongly sloping to mountainous condition renders the land highly prone to soil erosion and unfavorable for agricultural production and urban utilization.
The Municipality of Liloy has 700 feet elevation at its highest peak.  Of the total municipal land area, approximately 25 percent are considered flat, 50 percent rolling and the rest are classified as hilly to mountainous.

2.5 Erosion Potential

Approximately, 25 percent of the total municipal land area is classified as steep to too steep.  These areas are most prone to soil erosion, thus, intensive soil conservation measures should be undertaken.  Like, planting of annual crops on these areas should be discouraged.

2.6 Basic Soil Type

Knowledge of the basic soil types and its characteristics existing in the area is necessary in the selection of the various uses of the land.  It is also needed in the selection of crops best suitable for cultivation thereat.
Records show that the municipality has three basic soil types.  These are: the Bolinao Clay, Miral Sandy Loam and the Mt. Soil Undifferentiated.  Approximately 30 percent of the total municipal land area of Liloy is classified as Mt. Soil Undifferentiated, 60 percent as Bolinao clay and 10 percent as Miral Sandy Loam.

2.7 Land capability

Land capability classification is a scheme for grouping soil units according tot he best use of the lands for optimum production, land preservation and to prevent soil damage through improper use.  It indicates the relative suitability of land for agriculture and the corresponding land management requirements.

The following classes characterize the Land Capability of Liloy:

        1. B – Good land that can be cultivated using easily applied conservation practices.
        2. C – Moderately good land that can be used in regular rotation basis for cultivated crops, but needs intensive conservation treatment.
        3. M – This land is too steep, eroded, roughly or shallow for cultivation, but suited for grazing if handled with great care.

N – Very steep, eroded, rough. Shallow or dry, good only for forestry or grazing when handled with great care.

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